Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) is a surgical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the face, jaw, mouth, and neck. It involves a range of procedures, from routine extractions of teeth to complex reconstructive surgeries, and can include both functional and aesthetic interventions.

The term "oral" refers to the mouth and its structures, such as the teeth, gums, tongue, and other soft tissues. "Maxillofacial" refers to the structures of the face and jaws, including the bones, muscles, and connective tissues that support the face and allow it to function properly.

Some common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons include:

  • Tooth extractions: Oral surgeons are trained to extract teeth, including wisdom teeth that may be impacted or difficult to remove.
  • Dental implant placement: Oral surgeons can place dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots used to support dental restorations like crowns, bridges, or dentures.
  • Jaw surgery: Maxillofacial surgeons can perform procedures to correct jaw abnormalities, such as misalignments, deformities, or injuries.
  • Facial trauma surgery: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can treat injuries to the face, jaws, and neck, including fractures, lacerations, and soft tissue damage.
  • Tumor and cyst removal: Oral surgeons can remove benign or malignant tumors or cysts from the mouth, jaws, or face.
  • Reconstructive surgery: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can perform reconstructive surgery to repair damage or defects in the face, jaws, or mouth, often after trauma or surgery.
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